Friday, May 27

Kidney Anatomy, Functions, Disease, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Medications and Treatment

Kidney anatomy and function

What is kidney, its function and performance?

Kidneys are the part of the urinary system, responsible for removing the waste products from the blood and regulating the electrolyte and fluid balance in the body. It is a pair of bean-shaped organs, which is located in the back and upper-middle part of the abdomen. It is made up of three parts namely the renal cortex, renal medulla and the pyramids.

The kidney cortex is the outermost layer of the kidney and is responsible for cleaning the blood by removing excess water and salt from the blood. The renal medulla is an inner part of the kidney and is responsible for filtering the blood and producing urine.

On the other hand, the pyramids are the part of the kidney, which looks like a pyramid and is present in the medulla. The pyramids are responsible for regulating blood pressure and blood volume by producing hormones like renin, angiotensin and erythropoietin.

What is kidney disease?

Kidney disease is when your kidneys are damaged to the point where they cannot function correctly. This damage can be caused by many things, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidney).

A few kinds of kidney infection are acquired (passed down in families) and others are brought about by medical issue that are not acquired. Kidney disease is a serious problem that affects tens of thousands of people worldwide every year. It is a leading cause of severe illness and death, and also causes disability in many patients.

This association is dedicated to bringing you information that will help you understand the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of kidney disease in a clear and unbiased way.

Causes of kidney disease

What are the main causes of kidney disease?

Kidney disease is caused by many factors like a sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, obesity, diabetes and hypertension. Kidney disease can also cause a wide range of symptoms, including swelling, waste products in the blood, high blood pressure, anaemia, and aching in the legs or back. Blood pressure is one of the major causes of kidney disease.

The second major cause of kidney disease is diabetes, either type 1 or type 2. Other causes of kidney disease can include high blood cholesterol, high levels of waste products in the blood called urea. Urinary infections can also cause kidney disease. If you are suffering from a kidney problem then it is better to consult the doctor.

Symptoms of kidney disease

Kidney disease develops in stages, and the symptoms of kidney disease may often be non-specific. Kidney disease is a medical condition in which the kidney does not work well as healthy kidneys do. It is important that you learn them so that you can seek treatment at an earlier stage. If you have kidney disease, it is good to know what the symptoms of kidney disease are.

Kidney disease can cause numerous symptoms depending on the stage of the disease. This is a common health problem that can affect people of all ages. Many people have a mild form of this disease and do not even know about it. However, if you have kidney disease, you may notice the symptoms like fatigue, swellings, nausea, vomiting, loss of weight and loss of diet.

If you have two or more of these symptoms, you should seek immediate medical attention.  This will help to prevent the disease from getting worse.  Also, if you have high blood pressure, you should take it seriously and maintain it and make sure that it is not getting worse. However, as soon as the disease gets worse, you may notice more symptoms related to it.

How is kidney disease diagnosed?

Several tests can be performed to diagnose kidney disease. One of the tests is a routine blood test. This will search for the presence of egg whites (a protein) in the blood, which can show kidney illness. Then, you might be given a ultrasound output of the kidneys. This is one of the most common tests used to diagnose kidney problems.

An ultrasound scan is painless, and safe to use on pregnant women, so it is a very useful diagnostic tool. Abnormality in the size of kidneys is one of the key indicators of impaired kidneys. The third test is the renal function test (RFT). This test is carried out with blood and it identifies creatinine and urea levels in the blood. High levels of creatinine and urea in the blood indicate abnormal functioning of kidneys. Urine tests are also very important indicators in treating kidney disease.

Kidney problems may be temporary and can lead to chronic disease if not properly settled down. In most cases, your nephrologist may also examine you through urine examination tests. The best test for kidney disease assessment is to measure the level of eGFR. The abbreviated form of eGFR is the estimated glomerular filtration rate.

It is a simple calculation based test that identifies the stage of kidney disease through the level of certain chemicals found in the blood. For calculation of eGFR, you divide the level of creatinine in the blood by the person’s weight in kilograms.

Medication and treatment

What are the meds and medicines for kidney infection?

Medication and treatments may vary and depends on the conditions of the patient. A patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) may be treated differently as compared to patients with early stages of the disease or acute cases.

Treatment of kidney disease is a lifelong process that usually includes a combination of medications and treatments. Medications include pills, injections, and more. Most renowned treatments that may be used to slow or reverse the effects of kidney disease include:

  • Dialysis
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Kidney surgery


This blog is all about a Kidney disease, its symptoms, Causes, Treatment and its medications. Kidney disease is one of the most dangerous diseases known to mankind. It is important to know the right way to treat kidney disease. Kidney disease is a serious health condition which can affect overall body performance if not treated timely.

A person who is affected by a Kidney disease should read this article to learn about this disease and know how to prevent it from getting worse. Early detection of symptoms can help you seek better treatment and medications.

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